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Fungi are organisms such as yeasts, molds, and mushrooms. While these organisms live in or on animals and plants, other types of fungi can live on people and cause all sorts of skin diseases. The most common fungal infections caused by fungi in children include scalp ringworm, body ringworm, and tinea versicolor.
If you think that your child has a fungal infection, you should visit one of the pediatric dermatology experts here in the Santa Monica Dermatology Group at Santa Monica, CA. After all, prompt diagnosis and treatment are vital for fungal infections, especially in children.
Common Fungal Infection Causes
Fungal infections could occur when a fungus attacks the skin’s outer layer, either on the body or the scalp. In most cases, fungi need unclean, moist, and warm skin to flourish. This means that you should encourage your children to practice proper hygiene habits to prevent developing a fungal infection. Kids can likewise catch a ringworm infection directly from the infected pet, person, or from the soil. In addition, they can catch fungal infections from clothing, combs, hats, or household items such as beddings and carpets among others.
How to Know If Your Child Has a Fungal Infection
See your pediatric dermatology doctor in Santa Monica, CA, if your child has the following symptoms:
- Body Ringworm – Symptoms include itchiness, oval or round flaky patches with slightly reddened and raised borders, and inflamed portions with oozing pus.
- Scalp Ringworm – Symptoms include itchy and scaly patches, one or several hairless patches, tiny blackish spots on the scalp, tender boggy areas, and short broken hairs.
- Tinea Versicolor – Symptoms include discolored skin patches on the upper arms, neck, chest, or back. The patches could be itchy, darker or lighter than the skin surrounding pale-colored or darker-colored skin, slightly flaky, and have well-defined edges. The patches could likewise be more visible after being exposed to the sun.
How to Treat Fungal Infections in Children
If your child has a fungal infection on the face or body, your doctor will prescribe an antifungal lotion or cream with antifungal ingredients such as clotrimazole, selenium sulfide, or ketoconazole. However, for widespread infections or those affecting the scalp, your child may be prescribed oral antifungal medication.
How to Prevent Fungal Infections in Children
The most common way that fungal infections spread is through direct contact with infected people and things. Teach your child to keep away from infected pets, people, or things, and get your precious pets checked up if you suspect that they have a fungal infection. Additionally, discourage your child from using other people’s things such as hats, combs, and jackets.
Get Rid of That Fungal Infection Today
Dial (310) 829-4484 to schedule a consultation with our pediatric dermatology specialist here in Santa Monica Dermatology Group in Santa Monica, CA.
Find out what options you have for reducing and even eliminating the appearance of scars.
While some people believe that their scars are a badge of honor or tell a great story, there are others who aren’t as happy with their scars. Whether you had a terrible accident or suffer from embarrassing acne scars, at Santa Monica Dermatology Group, your dermatologist in Santa Monica has the best tools and techniques to treat your scars and improve the appearance of your skin. Find out what options are available to you:
Creams or Gels
In the case of small, superficial scars caused by an injury, sometimes all that’s needed is an over-the-counter or prescription cream. Sometimes after cosmetic surgery, there is a slight scar, which could be improved by using scar ointment regularly. Sometimes these creams contain steroids or antihistamines to help reduce the appearance of your scar. If you have more severe scarring caused by acne or other issues then talk to our Santa Monica Dermatology Group skin doctors about whether these simple products will work for you.
If you have scars that are raised, such as keloid scars, then getting steroid injections could lessen their appearance. Sometimes injections are also used in conjunction with other treatment options like creams, or it might be used on its own.
Sometimes laser skin resurfacing offers amazing results for those dealing with scars caused by acne. The laser is directed over the skin to remove the outermost surface and to stimulate the growth of collagen to improve skin’s tightness and elasticity. As a result, the skin that heals is smoother and the scars are greatly reduced. There are several types of laser treatments from which to choose to treat scarring so be sure to ask your cosmetic dermatologist for advice.
If you are dealing with deep scars there are several kinds of treatments available. While some procedures like dermabrasion may work, we may also recommend skin grafting or scar removal. For patients with burn scars, skin grafting is a popular treatment option. By removing healthy skin from other areas of the body and stitching it over the scar tissue we can improve the appearance of your skin. If scaring is so severe that it affects how certain muscles function surgery can also be used to repair this issue and restore function.
If you are tired of feeling self-conscious about your scar then it’s time you talked to your Santa Monica Dermatology Group dermatologist about scar removal options. Through an evaluation, we can determine which treatment will best meet your needs.
Bed bugs have been in the press a lot over the past couple of years. They are becoming a big nuisance in the travel industry, as they do not discriminate between any class of hotel or lodging and have nothing to do with the cleanliness of the hotel. The bed bug is about the size of an apple seed and they live in the cracks of the bed or upholstered furniture. They do not fly, they only walk and they primarily feed at night. Bed bugs feed on blood, so if you wake up itching and see small blood stains on the sheets, be very suspicious of bed bug bites. It is important to never place suitaces on beds or upholstered furniture until you have carefully inspected for bed bugs in all of the cracks of the furniture. The bite itself will heal within 2 weeks but if you bring bed bugs into your house, it can take months to get rid of them. There is a bed bug registry where you can research a hotel before you go and stay there. http://bedbugregistry.com/
In mid June, 2011, the FDA announced new Sunscreen guidelines. For years, there has been concern amongst the dermatology community that previous sunscreen claims were leading to a false sense of security for the consumer. Starting in 2012, Sunscreen labels will only go to a SPF of 50 and will be labeled as "broad spectrum" if they protect against both UVA and UVB rays. There will be labels for "water resistent" which will indicate that product has been tested after 40 or 80 minutes in the water. The3r There There will no longer be waterproof, sweatproof or sunblock labels. At this point in time, there are still investigations into the safety of the spray forms of sunscreen and investigations evaluating the safety of a couple of specific ingredients. You can read more about the new guidelines at www.fda.gov/sunscreens. Remember to avoid sun expsore during the middle of the day and always be sure to wear a wide brimmed hat and sun protective clothing.
A red and hot face might be a sign of Rosacea. April is National Rosacea Awareness month. There are many triggers to Rosacea including warm temperatures, sun, spicy foods, alcohol and stress. It is primarliy a genetic condition that worsens over time. If you think you might have Rosacea, do your best to avoid the triggers and see your physician to see if you are a candidate for perscription creams or maybe even laser treatments. There is no cure for Rosacea but some of these treatments may help minimize the red color and flushing sensation.